Tag Archive for communal violence

Stop killing people in the name of cows


Activists, writers, teachers and students hold protest rally in Hyderabad against the communal killing at Dadri and the casteist violence in Faridabad that claimed the lives of two children

By Team FI
A press release issued by a collective of activists, writers, and individuals detailed their protest on Thursday, in Tank Bund, Hyderabad, in front of the Ambedkar statue. The protest was, the release stated, against “growing spate of atrocities on Dalits and Muslims.”

Given below is the full text of the release:
A group of activists, students and teachers came together today at 6 pm in front of Ambedkar Statue in Tank Bund, Hyderabad to protest the growing spate of atrocities on dalits and muslims. Linking this casteist and communal violence, the protesters held signs such as “Dalit Lives Matter”, “Muslim lives matter” “Stop killing people in the name of cows” and “Annihilate caste! End the murders of dalit children”.

Writers Joopaka Subadra and Professor Sujatha Surepally spoke of the inhumane treatment of dalits and muslims in the name of beef protection, while activist Krupakar Madiga condemned the casteist murder of entire families including children, such as the recent attack on a Dalit family where the whole family was burnt alive and two children died due to their burns in Ballabhgar-Faridabad.

This comes after a history of violence against the community, with another earlier attack in June by the Jats to assert their caste power after the election of a Dalit sarpanch in the area. The Ror community had also attacked Dalits in the area as a mob in April 2013 after an intercaste marriage between a Ror woman and a Dalit man; and 15 Dalit houses were burnt in Mirchpur village in 2011 by Jats.

These attacks are not unrelated to the mounting communal violence in Atali in the same area, where a Muslim man grazing his cattle was attacked with axes, and the entire Muslim community was attacked over the establishment of a mosque on Waqf land. In all these incidents the police and administration explicitly sided with the dominant caste Hindu majority community. This incident comes on the heels of incident in Dankaur where the police themselves stripped and sexually assaulted a family that was protesting police inaction on the issue of the theft of their belongings.

The police have then filed cases of obscenity on the family themselves!

These charges against Sunil Gautam and his family must be IMMEDIATELY WITHDRAWN! The BJP and right wing forces are building up their base on the caste and communal pride of dominant caste Hindu communities. Despite their attempts to appropriate Babasaheb Ambedkar their position on basic issues of political representation and even nutrition of the Dalit community is very clear and similar to their position on Muslim minorities.

The incident of murder of a Muslim man Mohd. Aqlakh who was suspected to be storing beef in his fridge in Dadri by a mob whipped up by the local BJP MLA Somnath Som (who himself ran a beef export company); the severe beating by Bajrang Dal activists of Ibrahim Padubidri who was a cattle trader in Karkala, Udipi; and the mob thrashing until death of a cattle trader in Himachal Pradesh; the murder of Zahid Ahmed in Jammu following rumours of cow slaughter when his cows died of food poisoning – these are all direct attacks on the main source of affordable protein for Dalits, Muslims and working class masses of the country. This chain of attacks must be protested by all those who fight the trend of majoritarian tyranny and who stand for secularism.

UN asks India to protect sex workers rights, repeal 377, curb growing violence against women

UN- 2014- India-women- report

UN Special Rapporteur highlights pervasive gender stereotyping in media and community and entrenched patriarchal attitudes in public officials, judicial officers and the police force, as an impediment to curbing violence against women

By Team FI

In an important step towards recognizing sex worker rights in India, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women called on the Indian Government to review the trafficking legislation which criminalizes women in sex work.

The Special Rapporteur, Rashida Manjoo, also urged the government to repeal section 377 of the Penal Code, which criminalizes gay sex and amend the new rape law of 2013 – in particular to review the provisions that provide for the death penalty and to include the definition of marital rape as a criminal offence.

The Report on Violence Against Women, its causes and consequences, Mission to India was submitted to the UN General Assembly in April 2014 and was based on the India mission undertaken by the Special Rapporteur in April 2013. The Special Rapporteur received written submissions and listened to depositions from women’s organizations, networks, affected individuals, and government officials across the length and breadth of India during her visit.

According to the report, the overall conviction rate in India for crimes listed in the Penal Code was 38.5 per cent in 2012, the lowest in 10 years, which was largely due to delays in the finalization of cases. Quoting the National Crimes Records Bureau, the Rapporteur expressed concern over the fact that while conviction rate for crimes against women (21.3%) remained low while a 24.7 % increase was recorded in the reports of crimes against women after 2008. The proportion of registered cases of crimes committed against women vis-à-vis crimes in total increased from 8.9 per cent in 2008 to 10.2 per cent in 2012. As per the report, “the low conviction rate and the higher number of cases registered will not act as a deterrent for future crimes against women, nor will it engender trust in the judicial system.”

The Special Rapporteur also raised concern about the deeply entrenched patriarchal attitudes of police officers, prosecutors, judicial officers and other relevant civil servants, with regard to the handling of cases of violence against women noted that the “persistence of harmful practices, pervasive gender stereotypes and deeply entrenched patriarchal social and cultural norms is of serious concern.”

The Special Rapporteur stated that it also received reports indicating that the legal basis of the National Commission for Women is not in accordance with international standards; that the institution lacks foundational, functional, operational, political and financial independence. The report also stated that there a “number of allegations highlighted the Commission’s inability to deal with complaints effectively and undertake independent investigations into violations of women’s rights.”

The report is also deeply concerned about the prevalence of dowry-related practices throughout the country and the increasing number violence and deaths related to dowry payment.

Violence against Sex workers
For perhaps the first time, the Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, underscored the need to address the violence faced within sex work from state and non – state actors and the lack of avenues for legal redress. It notes that sex workers in India are “exposed to a range of abuse including physical attacks, and harassment by clients, family members, the community and State authorities”.

It further states that “sex workers are forcibly detained and rehabilitated and consistently lack legal protection”; and that they “face challenges in gaining access to essential health services, including for treatment for HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases”.

Violence against minority women
Commenting on violence faced by women belong to minority communities, the report stated that impunity for crimes relating to communal violence is “the norm”. The recommendations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women relating to the Gujarat massacre have not been fully addressed as yet. Moreover, the draft Communal Violence (Prevention, Control and Rehabilitation of Victims) Bill has been pending in Parliament for over eight years; despite the necessity for such a law.

The report has also urged the government to Repeal, as a matter of urgency, the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and ensure that criminal prosecution of members of the Armed Forces is free from legal barriers.

Main observations made by the Special Rapporteur
Violence against women in India is systematic and occurs in the public and private spheres. Women are discriminated against and subordinated not only on the basis of sex, but on other grounds, such as caste, class, ability, sexual orientation, tradition and other realities. The manifestations of violence against women are a reflection of the structural and institutional inequality that is a reality for most women in India.

Sexual violence

According to the National Crime Records Bureau, in 2012, 2.84 cases of rape were reported every hour. Many interlocutors stated that there was a general sense of insecurity for women in public spaces, especially in urban settings. Women are easy targets of attacks, including sexual violence, whether while using public transportation or sanitation facilities or on the way to collect wood and water.

Civil and political rights
In terms of women’s participation in parliaments, India stands at 111 out of 188 States as per the Inter-Parliamentary Union. The proportion of female judges is very low. At the local level, there have been numerous allegations of abuse of authority by and patriarchal attitudes of women elected to Gram Panchayats (whether by choice or through coercive influences) and of abuse by community leaders, including members of the illegal informal courts of the Khap Panchayats.

The Special Rapporteur stated that she could not engage directly with Gram Panchayats despite her requests.

Violence against women in the family

The physical, sexual and psychological abuse of women in the private sphere is widely tolerated by the State and the community. The perpetrators include husbands, in-laws and other family members. The widespread socioeconomic dependency of women subordinates them to their husbands and other family members. The fear of social exclusion and marginalization, and the lack of effective responses to violence, keeps them in a context of continuous violence and intimidation. The report also noted the prevalence of honour crimes in the country.

As per National Crime Records Bureau there is also an alarming increase in violence and killings linked to dowry payments – as reported under the Dowry Prohibition Act since 2008 and a significant increase in such crimes since 2010. Concerns about the lack of effective implementation of the law were noted.

Sex ratio
Research has documented a trend of declining girl-child sex ratio from 962 per 1,000 males in 1981, to 945 in 1991, to 927 in 2001, to 914 in 2011. Patriarchal norms and socioeconomic factors have reportedly fuelled the decline. The desire for sons has led to a “policing” of pregnancies by spouses and families through prenatal monitoring systems. The results can lead to sex-selective abortions, which are often forced on women in violation of their sexual and reproductive rights. Despite specific legislation to address this problem, including stringent measures in case of contravention, there is a continuing prevalence of sex-selection practices in some states.

Early marriage and forced marriage

With regard to early and/or forced marriages, the implementation of the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006 has resulted in some reduction in the overall percentage of early marriages. However, there are significant gaps in the legislation, particularly in the Penal Code, whereby child marriages are allowed through the practice of declaring them voidable, not void.

Caste-based violence
Dalit and Adivasi women and women from other scheduled castes and tribes and other “backward classes” are frequent victims of multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination, as well as violence. The intergenerational nature of caste-based discrimination condemns women to a life of exclusion, marginalization and disadvantage in every sphere of life. Many of those women are denied an education and economic opportunities, and perform dangerous and unprotected work, including bonded labour (debt bondage) and manual scavenging, which are both widely regarded as forms of forced labour and modern forms of slavery.

Communal violence
Numerous testimonies shared on recurrent episodes of communal violence against religious minorities, including Muslims and Christians; reflect a deep sense of insecurity and trauma of women living in those communities. Experiences included women being stripped, burned, attacked with objects inserted into their vaginas and sexually assaulted in myriad ways because of their religious identity.

It was reported that perpetrators of those crimes usually held positions of authority and often went unpunished. Further, those minorities are allegedly excluded from access to education, employment and adequate housing on equal terms with other citizens, despite the existence of affirmative action schemes and measures by the Ministry of Minority Affairs and the National Commission for Minorities.

Women with disabilities
Women with disabilities face multiple challenges, including, for example, the lack of adequate access to public spaces, utilities and buildings, and often experience harassment in public. The Special Rapporteur was informed of violence perpetrated against women with disabilities in State-sponsored shelters.

Lesbian and Transgender women
Section 377 of the Penal Code criminalizes sexual activities “against the order of nature”. This particularly affects the protection rights of lesbian and transgender women and has been used by parents as an excuse to prevent homosexuality in their families. The mere perception of different sexual orientation is sufficient to put people at risk of violence and is a contributory factor to the inability of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex community to report cases of violence.

Sex workers
Sex workers are exposed to a range of abuse, including physical attacks and harassment by clients, family members, the community and State authorities. Many sex workers are forcibly detained and rehabilitated, and they also face a consistent lack of legal protection. Many face challenges in gaining access to essential health services, including for treatment for HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. A recent order of the Supreme Court of India took the position that a sex worker engaged in such work to survive and was “not leading a life of dignity”. The Special Rapporteur noted a tendency to conflate sex work with trafficking in persons, and when sex workers are identified as victims of trafficking, the assistance that is provided to them is not targeted to their specific needs.

Trafficking of women and girls
The trafficking of women and girls from, and to, India was reported as widespread. Disadvantaged women from minority groups, scheduled castes and tribes and the “backward castes” are usually the main victims. Women who are trafficked and forced into prostitution are left unable to defend their rights, and lack access to rehabilitation and compensation for such crimes. This lack of protection and prioritization of the problem by the State has intensified the violence perpetrated against them by criminals or those involved in trafficking practices.

The complicity of State officials in human trafficking was also reported as a concern. The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 and its amendments are reportedly more directed at safeguarding public moral than combating trafficking in line with the protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children.

Widows also face particular vulnerabilities, as they are often denied and dispossessed of property by their in-laws following the death of a spouse. In addition, social exclusion and poverty lead some widows to engage in sex work and prostitution, and their children to perform hazardous labour or beg on the streets.

Forced evictions
The State’s efforts to foster economic growth and implement development projects are allegedly often conducted without adequate consultations with affected communities, with the sole objective being one of economic growth at any cost.

The consequences for women include being forced to live in insecure environments, displacement; the degradation of their environment, the loss of land and livelihoods and forcible evictions. Many victims are left without adequate relocation alternatives, forcing them to live in slums or on the streets.


The Special Rapporteur was informed of brutal acts of violence against women, including executions, commonly referred to as “witch-hunting”. The stigma that is attached to women, who are labeled a “witch”, and the rejection they experience within their communities, leads to various violations and is an obstacle to gaining access to justice. Such labeling affects family members across generations. There is reportedly little or no official investigation into such violations.

Violence condoned or perpetrated by the State
Women living in militarized regions, such as Jammu and Kashmir and the north-eastern states, live in a constant state of siege and surveillance, whether in their homes or in public.

Information received through both written and oral testimonies highlighted the use of mass rape, allegedly by members of the State security forces, as well as acts of enforced disappearance, killings and acts of torture and ill-treatment, which were used to intimidate and to counteract political opposition and insurgency. Testimonies also highlight the impact of that situation on women’s health, including psychological disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, fear psychosis and severe anxiety, with such conditions having a negative impact on women’s physical well-being.

Additionally, the freedoms of movement, association and peaceful assembly are frequently restricted. The specific legal framework that governs those areas, namely, the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act and its variations, allows for the overriding of due process rights and nurtures a climate of impunity and a culture of both fear and resistance by citizens.

Custodial violence
In 2012 there were 20 women’s prisons and 21 centres for the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. Furthermore there are rehabilitation centres for sex workers. Women account for 4.4 per cent of all inmates in the country. Women prisoners are scattered across the country, often in violation of international standards aimed at ensuring that those wishing to maintain family relationships during custody can do so. Concerns were raised about a lack of adequate protective measures to ensure the safety of inmates, including from gender-related killings. In 2012, 55 deaths of female inmates were registered, of which eight were suicides.

Fair trial rights

Fair trial rights, equality before the law and equal protection of the law were affected by numerous challenges, beginning with the reporting of cases of violence against women to the police. Many interlocutors said that victims were often discouraged from reporting to the police and that many women did not file a complaint owing to fear of reprisals or lack of guarantees of adequate shelter and access to livelihoods. Informal dispute settlement alternatives are often sought, allegedly by police, family members or community leaders. Many interlocutors described the complete or partial absence of legal, housing, security and financial assistance measures for victims. To be able to officially report complaints and continue throughout the often lengthy judicial process in safety and with an adequate standard of living is not an option for many women.

The Special Rapporteur received information indicating that human rights defenders, including women’s organizations, face numerous challenges, including harassment, intimidation and reprisals. Those concerns echo the findings contained in the 2011 report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders.

Profit-oriented microfinance institutions
The Special Rapporteur noted concerns with regard to profit-oriented microfinance institutions involving microfinance products for women, and the failure of the State to protect and prevent abuses. Vulnerable women reportedly receive multiple loans and are sold financial products with little or no information, and the unequal bargaining power between such institutions and clients is not addressed by regulation.

Such practices result in over-indebtedness and the inability to pay back, which leads to harassment and threats and women being excluded from their families and communities. Some have reportedly committed suicide as a result of such abuse. It is unclear if the larger problem is a lack of, or inadequate, regulation of microfinance institutions.

Domestic workers
Women employed as domestic workers are often irregular migrants and unregistered women who operate in a poorly regulated labour market and who are usually considered as belonging to the bottom of a social class. They become easy targets for abusive employers, who force them to work long hours in return for low salaries and often deduct amounts for leave days taken. Many are prevented from using the employer’s sanitary facilities and are forced to defecate and bathe in public, and are subjected to various forms of harassment and violence.

Violence against women in the transnational sphere
Many women refugees and asylum seekers are unskilled workers who often perform hazardous labour in urban and informal settings. While access to education and health care is provided for free by the Government, access to livelihoods is still a challenge, particularly in urban or semi-urban areas. Many of those women earn low wages and are forced to live in small and overcrowded apartments, with a lack of access to basic sanitation in less developed urban settings. Such factors contribute to poor health conditions and other vulnerabilities.

Language barriers often impede their ability to gain access to health care, education and the justice system. Despite improvements in criminal law and police procedures, women refugees and asylum seekers continue to voice safety concerns, as they are frequent targets of attacks and harassment by employers, landlords and community members in public and private spheres.

Economic rights and the right to development

Economic development focus for women remains one of subsistence and does not necessarily take into account, or address sufficiently, the gendered and class nature of systemic and structural inequality and discrimination.

Whereas the participation of all citizens in the economy is considerable, women’s labour force participation is significantly lower, at 25.7 per cent, as compared to men at 77.4 per cent. An International Labour Organization source indicates that the participation of women in the workforce fell from 37.3 per cent in 2004/05 to 29.0 per cent in 2009/10.

While job opportunities for women are in decline, women were found to be in precarious jobs requiring low skills and offering low and unequal wages. Daily earnings for women in recent decades has been comparatively lower than those of men in virtually all sectors

Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace
Legal measures have been instituted to address sexual harassment in the workplace. The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 defines sexual harassment comprehensively and is largely in line with the 1997 Vishaka judgment. It provides for complaints committees in all workplaces employing at least 10 persons. Moreover, while penalties are prescribed in the event of a false or malicious complaint, the Act seeks to prevent the revictimization of victims who are unable to provide adequate proof or substantiate a complaint.

Social and cultural rights
Pervasive gender stereotyping, whether in the media, in the community or in discourses by public officials, was highlighted as an impediment to women’s development. The pervasive culture of denigrating and marginalizing women’s perspectives, concerns and also their identity was an issue that was raised by several interlocutors. Concerns were also raised about the resulting impact on the social standing of women. According to official data, between 2011 and 2012 the number of cases involving insult to the modesty of women increased by 7 per cent.

In 1986, the Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act was enacted to prohibit indecent representation in advertisements, publications, writings and paintings or in any other manner. New amendments have been proposed to include new forms of communication, to strengthen penalties and to provide for preventive measures. No official information was shared as to accountability measures to address the continuing occurrence of such stereotyping by either State or non-State actors.

State’s obligation to eliminate violence against women
States are required to exercise due diligence to prevent and respond to all acts of violence against women. A comprehensive system of prevention and protection, with real prospects of mitigating harm, altering outcomes and ensuring accountability, must be the norm.

National Commission for Women
The legal basis of the National Commission for Women is not in accordance with international standards; that the institution lacks foundational, functional, operational, political and financial independence; and that the Commission is generally unable to adapt to the evolving and transformative demands of the human rights of women.

According to section 3 of the National Commission for Women Act, 1990, the Commission’s composition is determined by the central Government. A number of allegations highlighted the Commission’s inability to deal with complaints effectively and undertake independent investigations into violations of women’s rights. Reports also reflect the Commission’s failure to address the causes and consequences of violence against women, including, for example, by finding that no particular religious group was targeted during the 2002 Gujarat massacre; by consistently justifying sexual assault on women as a result of “provocative dressing”; by its inability, over many years, to promote much needed law reform; and by denying reports of sexual violence by security forces, including in regions governed by the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Acts.

Domestic Violence

The lack of implementation of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act was a concern often raised. Under the Act, women victims require the assistance of a protection officer to lodge a complaint and to file a domestic incident report. The recruitment and deployment of protection officers in the country is limited; they often work part-time and lack the resources to assist victims to file complaints. For instance, in the State of Rajasthan, with a population including approximately 27 million women, there are only 607 designated protection officers and 118 organizations registered as service providers.

Muzaffarnagar riot victims still suffering inhuman living conditions


Uprooted by violent communal riots, thousands of families continue to live without basic human facilities in relief camps in Muzaffarnagar and Shamli. Donations welcomed to make a difference

By Team FI

Three months ago the Muzaffarnagar and Shamli districts had faced brutal acts of violence including killings and rape, in what was described as one of the worst communal riots in Uttar Pradesh in recent memory. Thousands of families were uprooted and nearly 20,000 people found temporary shelter in riot relief camps in Muzaffarnagar and Shamli respectively.

However, the families found themselves living in inhuman conditions unable to return home for fear of their safety. The winter months have wreaked havoc on the relief camps with deaths reported especially infants and children due to lack of basic facilities.

Despite a UP government committee report that stated at least 34 children below 12 years of age have died in the Muzaffarnagar and Shamli relief camps, the last week of the year saw 150 families forced to leave the Loi relief camp, over 500 km from state capital Lucknow. Local government officials were allegedly present when the people who had managed the camp dismantled the temporary shelters.

Reacting to criticism about the inhuman act, the UP government has currently shifted about 420 people with the remaining 63 victims being moved to vacant buildings to escape from the severe winter.

Several women and human rights group have been working in the area and have put forward appeals for donations to alleviate the living conditions of the riot relief camps. The following organisations are accepting donations.

Immediate Needs
A Joint Citizen Intiative team’s assessment of immediate needs

A. Tarpaulin Sheets:
Tarpaulin sheets/canvas sheets to cover the tents and prevent dew from seeping in. We are planning to distribute them in the 4 camps in Muzaffarnagar where JCI is working (approx 700 tents). We can purchase them on behalf of who ever wishes to donate and send them the receipt for the items.

For example, one tarpaulin sheet/canvas sheet @ INR 418, so for about 700 tents = INR 2,92,600.
So a donor can say they want to get Tarpaulin sheets for X number of tents.
For example, donation towards tarpaulin sheets for,
50 tents = INR 20,900 (twenty thousand approx)
100 tents = INR 41, 800
200 tents = INR 83,600
500 tents = INR 2,09,000 (two lakhs approx)
700 tents – INR 2, 92,600 (three lakhs approx)

B. Quilts:

In case you would rather contribute warm covering, blankets are now no longer sufficient. Over a month ago we had distributed blankets in some camps (but its now freezing at night). We now need thick razais (Quilts). And we are planning to get them immediately. 1 thick quilt is costing INR 600 locally. There are 1500 identified families we would like to give quilts to. (600 x 1500 = 9,00,000 INR)

So, donations can be made towards this also. If someone wants to donate, they can ask us to get quilts for X number of families, on their behalf .
For example, donation towards one quilt per family for,
100 families = INR 60,000
200 families = INR 1,20,000
500 families = INR 3,00,000
1000 families = INR 6,00, 000
1500 families = INR 9,00,000

Sadhbhavana Trust
1. CHEQUES (Indian or Foreign) in the name of Sadbhavana Trustmailed to:
MadhaviKuckreja (Ph. 9415104361, 9984616000), PuneetGoyal (8737095053, 9415410805)HameedaKhatoon(ph 9473789465) c/o Sadbhavana Trust 130, Jagdish Chandra Bose Road, QaiserBagh, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh,
India, 226 001.
Landline. +91 522 407 7698. Email :sadbhavana.lucknow@gmail.com

Indian donations to be transferred to this Bank Account
Bank Account No. 586502010000564
City of Bank : LUCKNOW
Name of Trust : SADBHAVANA Trust
Address : 130, Jagdish Chandra Bose Road, QaiserBagh, Lucknow 226 001
PAN No of Trust : AAATS2631R

Foreign donations to be transferred to this Bank Account
Account Name: Sadbhavana Trust
Account No. 602210100004883
Name of Bank: Bank of India
Address of Bank: 7, Panchsheel Shopping Centre, New Delhi-110016
IFSC Code: BKID0006022
Branch Code: 6022
FCRA Registration No. 231650698


Cheques need to be made in the name of ‘Saheli Women’s Resource Centre’ and sent with a covering letter stating they are meant for “Muzaffarnagar” along with your name, address and phone number/email contact. You may also write “Muzaffarnagar” at the back of the cheque. Cash donations, you can give to any Saheli you know or meet. Cheques may be sent to the following address:

Saheli Women’s Resource Centre
Above Unit 105-108
Defence Colony Flyover Market
New Delhi 100 024
Phones: Sadhna: 9899797963, or Vani: 9891128911


In August-September 2013 large scale communal clashes took place that changed the lives of people living in Muzaffarnagar district, Western Uttar Pradesh, where people once lived in communal harmony. This led to burning of homes, mob brawls, rapes, killings, murders and other mass violence. This has made thousands of people homeless and for the past three months they have been living in Relief Camps in various villages in Shamli, Muzaffarnagar etc.

Since elections are around the corner, the government and politicians want to show that everything has settled down and are claiming that there are no relief camps. This also means that they have stopped providing aid to these relief camps. The survivors in the camps have pleaded the government to continue to maintain the rehabilitation camp as they are not ready to go back. They are afraid for their security in their own villages, as they have experienced the baseness of people and the state during the riots. Some more incidents of violence have also been reported in the area since September. There is a real need to continue to run these relief camps.

People living in the riot relief camps are suffering tremendously in the harsh winter weather. Many have fallen prey to the cold as a large number of very vulnerable sections of the community, including more than 280 children, 71 pregnant women and the old, live in the camp. The survivors living in the relief camps at Loi village are facing a lot of difficulties as water has entered the camp tents.

These camps need financial support to be able to assist those survivors of violence who need to continue living in the camps and rehabilitate them when they are able to go back to their respective villages.

On the 21st of December, Rehana and Nirmala from Astitva Samajik Sanstha based in Saharanpur and who have been working with Muzaffarnagar riot-affected people since the time violence began there came to Mumbai and met with various organisations. They gave the activists and concerned people an update of the situation in Muzaffarnagar and adjoining areas.

Some of the immediate needs they expressed are as follows:
1. Amenities to protect them from the harsh weather conditions like adequate healthy food, clean drinking water which will cost Rs 1500/- per week for each family.
2. They also need coal to keep them warm that costs Rs 700/- per week per family.
3. Over 500 women in the camps are skilled in making handicrafts so they want to start small enterprises in order to become self reliant.
4. Many people living in the relief camps have lost most of their important documents to prove their identity, educational qualification etc. To help them regain their normal lives a lot of expenditure will have to be made.
5. Over a thousand girls have had to discontinue their education. It is necessary to make special efforts to get the girls back into schools.

For these purposes we require help from you in terms of donation. It is our genuine request to you to please help us in any way possible.

City/village: Sulatanpur, Chilkana
Moh-Kanjimal,Sultanpur, Po-chilkana, Distt-Saharanpur
Uttar Pradesh
F.C.R.A. Number : 136690066
Contact person: Rehana Adib
Phone: 09456293246
E-mail: astitwaup@gmail.com

Featured photo courtesy: indiaresists.com